Friday, June 15, 2012

West German Heer Heeresflieger Oberstleutnant Uniform

The Heeresflieger is the Army Aviation Corps to the West German Army operating its fleet of rotary wing helicopters. The Army Aviation Corps was founded with the establishment of the West German Bundeswehr in 1955.

The main tasks of the Heeresflieger is to conduct anti tank warfare in support of ground forces, transportation of personnel and materiel, conduct reconnaisance in coordination with other forces, conduct liaison and provide humanitarian & disaster relief via vertical replenishment.

The Heeresflieger's motto is "Nach vorn" which translates into 'To the Front or Forward' which held true during the Cold War, with Heeresflieger Bo-105 anti-tank helicopters using their speed and nimble agility to operate forward of the main elements of the West German Army and locating Warsaw Pact ground forces to engage their armored forces in close combat. 

The uniform displayed here is the Grundform (Basic Uniform) for a Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) in the Heeresflieger. The uniform jacket is the standard grey color of the Heer (West German Army) with the silver-gray colored piping denotes the wearer's affiliation to the aviation branch. The pants are the standard black trousers worn by all West German Army personnel.

The visor cap is of the Cold War era having now since reunification been replaced by a maroon beret bearing the metal cap insignia of the Heeresflieger depicting a wing, crossed vertically by a sword, surrounded by oak leaves and the silver oak leaves of a commissioned officer in silver on the visor itself. The visor cap here is shown bearing the crossed sabers and oak leaves insignia of the Heer and the insignia of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) represented by the national colors red, gold and black in a round emblem. 

Note the shoulder boards with the silver-grey Heeresflieger branch piping and the rank insignia of a Oberstleutnant with two silver pips and crossed laurel wreaths.

The bearer for this uniform also wears the a Commander's Cord signifying being a commanding officer of a field grade uniform probably of Battalion strength, the uniform also has the Bundeswehr Militärluftfahrzeugführer (Military Aviator) badge in Gold grade.

His awards include the Bundesverdienstkreuz 2 Klasse (Federal Merit Cross 2nd Class), Ehrenkreuz der Bundeswehr in Gold (Honor Cross of the Armed Forces in Gold) and Deutsches Sportabzeichen (German Sports Badge).

His Honor Cross denotes that he served 20 years of honorable service in the West German armed forces. 

 The cuff bands bear the insignia of the Army Aviation Corps depicting flying wings symbolizing the task of the aviation branch.

The Heeresflieger operated a number of rotary wing helicopters throughout the Cold War most notably the Bell UH-1D Iroquois helicopter in the light utility role, the Sikorsky CH-53D Super Stallion helicopter in the heavy lift transport role and the Messerschmitt Bolkow-Blöhm B0-105P helicopter in both the reconnaisance, close air supprt and anti-tank roles.
Messerschmitt Bolkow-Blöhm Bo-105 anti-tank helicopter

Bell UH-1D Iroquois utility helicopter
Sikorsky CH-53D Sea Stallion transport helicopter

Helicopters of the Cold War Heer Heeresfliegertruppen:

Aérospatiale SA 313 / SA 318 Alouette II

Role: Light Helicopter (Used as a training helicopter in Heeresflieger service)
Country of Origin: France
Manufacturer     Sud Aviation / Aérospatiale
First flight:     March 1955
Introduced into Service: March 1959
Number in Service: 267


General Characteristics:

Crew: 2 (One Pilot, One Student)
Capacity: Provisions for 3 Passengers
Length: 9.66 m (31 ft 9 in)
Rotor Diameter: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
Disc Area: 81.7 m² (881.4 ft²)
Empty Weight: 895 kg (1,973 lb)
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × Turboméca Artouste IIC6 turboshaft, 395 kW (530 hp) derated to 269 kW (460 hp)


 Maximum Speed: 185 km/h (100 knots, 115 mph) at sea level
 Cruise Speed: 170 km/h (92 knots, 106 mph)
 Range: 565 km (305 nmi, 350 mi)
 Endurance: 4.1 hours
 Service Ceiling: 2,300 m (7,545 ft)
 Rate of Climb: 4.2 m/s (820 ft/min)

Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm Bo 105 PAH-1

Role: Anti Tank Helicopter
Country of Origin: West Germany
Manufacturer: Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB)
First Flight: February 1967
Introduced into Service: March 1970
Number in Service: 212


General Characteristics:

Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
Capacity: Provisions for 4 combat troops
Length: 11.86 m (38 ft 11 in)
Rotor Diameter: 9.84 m (32 ft 3½ in)
Height: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
Disc Area: 76.05 m² (818.6 ft²)
Airfoil: NACA 23012
Empty Weight: 1,276 kg (2,813 lb)
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 2,500 kg (5,511 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × Allison 250-C20B turboshaft engines, 313 kW (420 shp) each


Never Exceed Speed: 270 km/h (145 knots, 167 mph)
Maximum Speed: 242 km/h[18] (131 knots, 150 mph)
Cruise Speed: 204 km/h (110 knots, 127 mph)
Range: 575 km (310 NM, 357 mi)
Ferry Range: 1,112 km (600 NM, 691 mi)
Service Ceiling: 5,180 m (17,000 ft)
Rate of Climb: 8 m/s (1,575 ft/min)

Armament in Anti Tank Role:

6 Euromissile HOT or 8  BGM-71 TOW anti tank guided missiles

Bell UH-1D Iroquois

Role: Utility helicopter
Country of Origin: United States
Manufacturer: Bell Helicopter
First Flight: October 1956
Introduced into Service: August 1963
Number in Service: 352


General Characteristics:

Crew: 1-4
Capacity: 3,880 lb including 14 troops, or 6 stretchers, or equivalent cargo
Length: 57 ft 1 in (17.40 m) with rotors
Width: 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m) (Fuselage)
Height: 14 ft 5 in (4.39 m)
Empty Weight: 5,215 lb (2,365 kg)
Gross Weight: 9,040 lb (4,100 kg)
Max Takeoff Weight: 9,500 lb (4,309 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming T53-L-11 turboshaft, 1,100 shp (820 kW)
Main Rotor Diameter: 48 ft 0 in (14.63 m)


Maximum speed: 135 mph (217 km/h; 117 kn)
Cruise speed: 125 mph (109 kn; 201 km/h)
Range: 315 mi (274 nmi; 507 km)
Service ceiling: 19,390 ft (5,910 m) (Dependent on environmental factors such as weight, outside temp., etc)
Rate of climb: 1,755 ft/min (8.92 m/s)
Power/mass: 0.15 hp/lb (0.25 kW/kg)


2× 7.62 mm Rheinmetall MG3 (German Army and German Luftwaffe)

Sikorsky CH-53G Sea Stallion

Role: Heavy Lift Transport Helicopter
Country of Origin: United States
Manufacturer: Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation
First Flight: October 1964
Introduced into Service: July 1971
Number in Service: 110


General Characteristics:

 Crew: 2 pilots, 1 or more crew chiefs
 Capacity: 38 troops (55 in alternate configuration) or 24 stretchers
 Length: 88 ft 6 in (26.97 m)
 Rotor Diameter: 72 ft 2.8 in (22.01 m)
 Height: 24 ft 11 in (7.6 m)
 Disc Area: 4098.1 sq ft (380.48 m²)
 Airfoil: NACA 0011 MOD
 Empty Weight: 23,628 lb (10,740 kg)
 Loaded Weight: 33,500 lb (15,227 kg)
 Useful Load: 8,000 lb (3,630 kg)
 Maximum Takeoff Weight: 42,000 lb (19,100 kg)
 Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T64-GE-413 turboshaft, 3,925 shp (2,927 kW) each
 Width: 15 ft 6 in (4.7 m)
 Rotor System: 6 blades on main rotor


Maximum Speed: 170 knots (196 mph, 315 km/h)
Cruise Speed: 150 kt (173 mph, 278 km/h)
Range: 540 nmi (1,000 km)
Combat Radius: 100 mi (160 km) 95 mi
Ferry Range: 886 nmi (1,640 km)
Service Ceiling: 16,750 ft (5,106 m)
Rate of Climb: 2,460 ft/min (12.5 m/s)
Disc Loading: 8.95 lb/sq ft


Two 7.62 mm MG3 machine guns in the side doors

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